After the Trojan War, which lasted ten years, it took him another ten years to return home, facing multiple adventures in the process. The Venetian authorities found the island was already being repopulated by members of the Galatis family, who laid claim to it as their property, having received rights over Ithaca under the Tocco regime.[6]. During the British protectorate period prominent citizens of Ithaki participated in the secret "Philiki Etairia" which was instrumental in organizing the Greek Revolution of 1821 against Turkish rule, and Greek fighters found refuge there. In 1809 Great Britain mounted a blockade on the Ionian Islands as part of the war against Napoleon, and in September of that year they hoisted the British flag above the castle of Zakynthos. The population welcomed the French, who took care in the control of the administrative and judicial systems, but later the heavy taxation they demanded caused a feeling of indignation among the people. The epic poems of Homer, the Iliad and the Odyssey, shed some light on Bronze-Age Ithaca. Bays include Afales Bay to the northwest, Frikes and Kioni Bays to the northeast, Molos Gulf to the east, and Ormos Gulf and Sarakiniko Bay to the southeast. ", Strabo's explanation has not won universal acceptance. [5], In 1479, Ottoman forces reached the islands and many of the people fled from the island out of fear of the new Turkish settlers. Despite any difficulties with Homer's description of the island, in classical and Roman times the island now called "Ithaca" was universally held to be the home of Odysseus; the Hellenistic identifications of Homeric sites, such as the identifications of Lipari as the island of Aeolus, are usually taken with a grain of salt, and attributed to the ancient tourist trade. Ithaca, Ithaki or Ithaka (/ˈɪθəkə/; Greek: Ιθάκη, Ithaki [iˈθaci]; Ancient Greek: Ἰθάκη, Ithakē [i.tʰá.kɛː]) is a Greek island located in the Ionian Sea, off the northeast coast of Kefalonia and to the west of continental Greece. Ithaca is an island in the Ionian Sea in Greece, which was an important setting in one of the most famous myths of ancient Greece, the Odyssey. It consists of two parts, of about equal size, connected by the narrow isthmus of Aetos (Eagle), just 600 metres (1,969 feet) wide. The Romans occupied the island in the 2nd century BC, and later it became part of the Byzantine Empire. From this period, many objects of important historical value have been found during excavations. 1,920 in 2011), Perachori (343), Stavros (366), Platreithias (201), and Kioni (182). The island, often referred to with the name 'Val di Compare', followed the fortunes of its bigger neighber Cephalonia throughout the 12th and 13th centuries, when it formed part of the holdings of various Latin rulers. Ithaca was annexed to Greek Kingdom with the rest of the Ionian islands in 1864. In 1807, according to the Tilsit Treaty with Turkey, the Ionian Islands once again came under the French rule (1807–1809 AD). After the end of the Mycenaean period Ithaca's influence diminished, and it came under the jurisdiction of the nearest large island. The Venetians pursued their interest in the Ionian Islands, and in 1499 a war between the Venetians and the Turks began. The second largest village is Stavros in the northern part. After Helen's abduction by Paris and before the Trojan War started, Odysseus was told by an oracle that if he went to the expedition to retrieve Helen, he would not return home for decades. The Ithacans were characterized as great navigators and explorers with daring expeditions reaching further than the Mediterranean Sea. [21] The municipality, unchanged at the Kallikratis reform, includes islets other than Ithaca including two near Cape Melissa, Arkoudi and Atokos to the northeast and the numerous islets in the Echinades Island group (the larger ones being Drakonera, Makri, Oxeia, Petalas, and Vromonas) to the east near the mainland of Aetolia-Acarnania. Historians have also discovered that names such as Val di Compare, Ithaki nisos, Thiaki, Fiaki, and Teaki have all been used in Greek mythology to refer to Ithaca Island. A few years after the French Revolution, the Ionian area came under the rule of the First French Republic (1797–1798), and the island became the honorary capital of the French département of Ithaque, comprising Cephalonia, Lefkada, and part of the mainland (the prefecture was at Argostoli on Kefalonia).

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